Gustavo Robles

Gustavo Robles is an Argentinian scholar at the National University of La Plata, where he was a researcher at the Humanities and Social Sciences Research Institute and Associate Professor at the Department of Education. He holds a PhD in philosophy and studied philosophy and history at the National University of Tucumán (the city of his birth) and at the National University of La Plata. He was visiting fellow at the universities of Frankfurt and Jena in Germany and regularly teaches courses at different universities in Argentina. He was also involved in activist groups related to human rights and the social memory of Argentina´s last military dictatorship. His research areas are Critical Theory, social and political philosophy, political education, and the theoretical analysis of social authoritarianism. He collaborates with different political media organizations.

About the end of illusions.Subjectivity and democracy in times of authoritarian regression.

The aim of his project is to analyze the possible connections between authoritarian ideology and what can be considered subjective conditions of democracies, in order to shed light on the new social authoritarianism. The project arises from a reading of studies on the authoritarian personality and authoritarianism carried out by the first generation of the Frankfurt School. Thus, he intends to develop this ideology-critical perspective in order to understand current phenomenon of political and social authoritarianism.

In the context of the project, Robles would like to set out the following research questions: What makes subjects susceptible to authoritarian attitudes? What role do authoritarian ideologies play in the formation of subjectivity? What is the relationship between authoritarian identities and authoritarian ideologies? What role do non-rational dimensions and political feelings play in social authoritarianism? Which demands, malaise, and longings are contained in its protests? Which concepts and perspectives are appropriate to analyze the problem of social authoritarianism? How can we understand the relationship between the new authoritarianism, the transformation of becoming a subject, and the neoliberal imperatives? Which processes of subjectivation are required for a better democratic sociability?


Last papers:

“El fin de algunas ilusiones. Subjetividad y democracia en tiempos de regresión autoritaria”. In Resistencias. Revista de filosofía de la historia. 1(2). 2020. 14-27 DOI:

“Sobre la dimensión política del resentimiento”. In Castalia. Revista de Psicología de La Academia, (34), 5–23. 2020. DOI:

“La extrema derecha como desafío para la educación política en Alemania”. Aposta. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 81, 8–21. 2019. Link:

Last Talks:

Presentation: “Authoritarianism and the sovereign subject”. In Conference “Democracy and Populism”. Centre for Applied Philosophy, Politics, & Ethics (CAPPE). University of Brighton. 20/01/2021. Online 

“La extremaderecha europea y la crisis de las democracias”. Talk organized by the Chair of European Geography. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. 18/11/2020. Online

Presentation: “Walter Benjamin y el fascismo”. In Jornadas Walter Benjamin. Organized by Department of Philosophy. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. 23/11/2020. Online

Journal articles (year 2020):

In Notas.Periodismo popular

-“Hungría y la cruzada iliberal de Viktor Orbán” (Link)

-“Italia, escenario central del avance de las extremas-derechas en Europa” (Link)

-“Austria y la normalización de la extrema-derecha” (Link)

-“Polonia y la extrema-derecha católica” 

“Alemania: liberales y conservadores pactan con la extrema derecha”. En La Izquierda Diario (Online). Febrero de 2020. (Link)

“Liberals and Conservatives Ally with the Extreme Right in Germany”. En The Left Voice (Online). Febrero de 2020.(Link)

All Publications from Gustavo Robles:

  • What does authoritarianism mean in times of coronavirus?

    In late April, the International Foundation for Freedom, headed by Peruvian Literature Nobel Prize winner Mario Vargas Llosa, issued a statement warning against the rise of authoritarianism in Latin America due to the coronavirus pandemic. Among the signatories were well-known defenders of neoliberal ideas in Latin America and Spain, such as Vargas Llosa himself and the former presidents Mauricio Macri (Argentina), José María Aznar (Spain), and Alvaro Uribe (Colombia). The statement expressed concern “about the measures taken in some countries that have indefinitely restricted basic freedoms and rights” in the name of the combatting the virus.

  • The Alt-Right in Latin America

    Following the collapse of left-wing populist movements in Latin America, neoliberal and authoritarian governments have spread all over the region. Clear examples of this resurgence are Bolsonaro in Brazil, Lenin Moreno in Ecuador, and Mauricio Macri in Argentina, not to mention the authoritarian drift of Nicolás Maduro’s government in Venezuela. This authoritarian turn at the institutional-political level has been accompanied by ideological changes in public and ‘non-public’ opinion: hate speech, anti-egalitarian discourses, authoritarian values, and an individualistic common sense. Of course, these discourses existed in the past too, but their virulence and the new constellations in which they are inscribed represent an ideological novelty in the Latin American political landscape.

  • Political Crisis in El Salvador and the Millennial Authoritarianism of Nayib Bukele: Interview with Fuerza Solidaria por El Salvador

    El Salvador is experiencing an accelerated authoritarian drift at the hands of its eccentric president Nayib Bukele, which has led to widespread demonstrations. Bukele´s image is that of a millennial president, spontaneous, young, and cool. Yet this style goes hand in hand with the persecution of social activists, the removal of the entire Supreme Court and the militarization of society. To learn more about the current situation and ongoing protests, we spoke with activists from Fuerza Solidaria por El Salvador.