Gustavo Robles is an Argentinian scholar at the National University of La Plata, where he was a researcher at the Humanities and Social Sciences Research Institute and Associate Professor at the Department of Education. He holds a PhD in philosophy and studied philosophy and history at the National University of Tucumán (the city of his birth) and at the National University of La Plata. He was visiting fellow at the universities of Frankfurt and Jena in Germany and regularly teaches courses at different universities in Argentina. He was also involved in activist groups related to human rights and the social memory of Argentina´s last military dictatorship. His research areas are Critical Theory, social and political philosophy, political education, and the theoretical analysis of social authoritarianism. He collaborates with different political media organizations.
About the end of illusions.Subjectivity and democracy in times of authoritarian regression.
The aim of his project is to analyze the possible connections between authoritarian ideology and what can be considered subjective conditions of democracies, in order to shed light on the new social authoritarianism. The project arises from a reading of studies on the authoritarian personality and authoritarianism carried out by the first generation of the Frankfurt School. Thus, he intends to develop this ideology-critical perspective in order to understand current phenomenon of political and social authoritarianism.
In the context of the project, Robles would like to set out the following research questions: What makes subjects susceptible to authoritarian attitudes? What role do authoritarian ideologies play in the formation of subjectivity? What is the relationship between authoritarian identities and authoritarian ideologies? What role do non-rational dimensions and political feelings play in social authoritarianism? Which demands, malaise, and longings are contained in its protests? Which concepts and perspectives are appropriate to analyze the problem of social authoritarianism? How can we understand the relationship between the new authoritarianism, the transformation of becoming a subject, and the neoliberal imperatives? Which processes of subjectivation are required for a better democratic sociability?
“El fin de algunas ilusiones. Subjetividad y democracia en tiempos de regresión autoritaria”. In Resistencias. Revista de filosofía de la historia. 1(2). 2020. 14-27 DOI: https://doi.org/10.46652/resistances.v1i2.23
“Sobre la dimensión política del resentimiento”. In Castalia. Revista de Psicología de La Academia, (34), 5–23. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25074/07198051.34.1756
“La extrema derecha como desafío para la educación política en Alemania”. Aposta. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 81, 8–21. 2019. Link: http://apostadigital.com/revistav3/hemeroteca/grobles.pdf
Presentation: “Authoritarianism and the sovereign subject”. In Conference “Democracy and Populism”. Centre for Applied Philosophy, Politics, & Ethics (CAPPE). University of Brighton. 20/01/2021. Online
“La extremaderecha europea y la crisis de las democracias”. Talk organized by the Chair of European Geography. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. 18/11/2020. Online
Presentation: “Walter Benjamin y el fascismo”. In Jornadas Walter Benjamin. Organized by Department of Philosophy. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. 23/11/2020. Online
Journal articles (year 2020):
In Notas.Periodismo popular:
-“Hungría y la cruzada iliberal de Viktor Orbán” (Link)
-“Italia, escenario central del avance de las extremas-derechas en Europa” (Link)
-“Austria y la normalización de la extrema-derecha” (Link)
-“Polonia y la extrema-derecha católica”
“Alemania: liberales y conservadores pactan con la extrema derecha”. En La Izquierda Diario (Online). Febrero de 2020. (Link)